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高二英语下学期12单元单词讲解.ppt


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高二英语下学期12单元单词讲解.ppt
文档介绍:
Unit12
㈠词汇讲解
1 fiction 1)(u)小说 2)(c)虚构;想象
Fact / truth is stranger than fiction.
(谚)事实奇于小说。
He writes fiction.
His testimony was plete fiction.
3)fictional adj.虚构的,编造的
2 belief n. 信念, 信心, 信仰(可数); 相信(不可数)
have belief in God 相信上帝
It is my belief/ My belief is that he is right.
beyond belief 难以置信
3 league n.
1)里格, 旧时长度单位, 约为5公里
2)同盟, 团队
Are they League members?
3)in league with 暗中合谋, 同…暗中勾结
The police suspected that the bank clerk was in league with the robbers.
警察怀疑银行职员与强盗暗中勾结.
4 apply v.
1)申请 apply to the publishers/apply for a job
2)使实施/生效, 应用, 运用
apply a law/rule 执行法律/规则
3)apply oneself to (doing) sth. 集中精力做
You will only pass your exams if you really apply yourself to your work.
你只有真正专心致志,考试才能及格.
4)applied adj. 通常作定语“应用的,实用的”
applied mathematics 应用数学
5 collision 1)碰撞 2)(利益/意见)冲突
His car had a collision with a truck.
We have no principle collision.
The workers came into collision with the manager.
3)collide v.与…冲突,碰撞
The two planes collided with each other in midair.
The president collided with the Congress over his budget plans.
6 permanent adj. 永久的、耐久的、持久的
permanent residence 永久住处
a permanent tooth 永久齿,恒齿
permanent way 铁路路基
7 voyage n.& v.
1) n. 航海、航行
He made a voyage to Japan. 他航行至日本.
I wish you a happy voyage. 愿你航行平安.
2) v. 航海,航行于某地
They are voyaging across the Indian Ocean.
他们正在作穿越印度洋的航行.
8 aboard prep. & adv.
1) prep. 在船(飞机、火车)上,其后直接跟交通工具
We are aboard the train. 我们在火车上.
The passengers are all aboard the ship.
旅客全都上了船.
2) adv. 表示(上了船,上了飞机)等.
The captain went aboard. 船长上了船.
All aboard! 大家上船,要开船了!
9 gentle 1).温和的;温柔的;文雅的
Mothers are gentle with their babies.
She has a gentle heart.
2).轻柔的;柔和的
The gentle breezes rustled through the leaves.
3).习语:gentle manners文雅的举止
a gentle smile/voice柔和的微笑/声音
a gentle slope 缓坡
a gentle tap on the shoulder在肩上轻拍一下
4).refined 优雅的 severe /harsh严厉的/苛刻的
10 labour 1)(u)劳动
Labour creates the world.
It is necessary for us to take part in physical labour.
2)(u) 劳工;工人
We must have extra labour for the post at Christmas.
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